Saturday, July 14, 2012

How to write Xpath ?

How to write Xpath?
In Selenium-Rc/WebDriver automation xpath is the one of the way to locate elements on webpage.XPath uses path expressions to select nodes/element in an XML/ HTML document.

How to verify in firebug?
  • Open firebug in firefox/Chrome.
  • Go to console.
  • type : $x("<xpath>").
  • Hit Enter.
  • If it is correct path you can element in that console. If you mouse hover on that, the element will highlight in web page.

How to write Xpath?
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1. Select first name
 //input[@id='firstname]     OR       //input[@name=firstname]   
In this case no need of xpath locator because we can use,,By.cssSelector."firstname")    |"firstname")  | By.cssSelector("[id=firstname]")

2. Selecting first name input using First Name label
 //label[text()='First Name:']/parent::td/following-sibling::td/div/input  
      //label[text()='First Name:']/../../td/div/input  
In above example,
parent This keyword helps you to back track to parent node from child node.
following-sibling This keyword helps you to go following-sibling.
preceding-sibling This keyword helps you to go preceding-sibling.
.. This also helps you to go parent node from child node
See below table for more keywords
3. Using contains, starts-with

Select Last Name using contains //label[contains(text(),'Last')]/../../td/div/input
Select Last Name using starts-with //label[starts-with(text(),'Last')]/../../td/div/input

4. Index/position based

5. Some more expressions

If you have any doubts in xpath..Post your html code snippet here I would try to give you solution.

Happy Coding..! 



  1. Hey Santosh, I have some problems running my TC with Internet Explorer, cannot find elements with xpath! Can you tell me how to handle this??

    1. Have you tried with css selector?
      Is xpath locator not working completely or some are not working?

  2. Hi please tell me the xpath for the following code:

    div id="drilldown-orgunitsSection" class="infobox fluid"
    div class="header"
    span class="pointer_hand" onclick="WebSct.toggleViewSection(this,'views_divdrilldown-orgunitsSection'); return false;"
    div style="width: auto;margin-top:3px;"
    div class="toolbar" style="float:right;margin-top*: -18px!important;"
    dt Actions:dt dd
    a id="fullexport" class="slick-box" data-id="export-drilldown-orgunits" href="" Export/a


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